July 20, 2023 4:09 pm

Dash’s Reward Reduction Model: An Innovative Variation of Bitcoin’s Halving

On June 23, 2023, at block height 1,892,161, the Dash protocol successfully went through a “halving” or a rewards reduction process, wherein the overall block reward decreased from 2.49 DASH to 2.3097 DASH. So, why does this halving process happen, and how does it affect our ecosystem? Let’s take a look.

What is Dash Halving?

Halving is a block reward reduction event that was hardcoded in the Bitcoin protocol by Satoshi Nakamoto himself. The idea is pretty simple. Every 210,000 blocks (around 4 years), the Bitcoin protocol goes through halving, wherein the block reward gets cut by half.

Unlike Bitcoin, Dash doesn’t have a traditional “halving” event. Instead of a 50% reduction every 4 years, Dash undergoes a 7.14% reduction (around 1/14th reduction) every 210,240 blocks  (approx. 383.25 days). The purpose here is to ensure a smoother emission rate over time.

To visualize this, check this graph which plots the emission rates of Bitcoin and Dash:

Image credit

As you can see, Dash’s model of reducing the block reward by a smaller amount each year offers a smoother transition to a fee-based economy than Bitcoin.

What is The Purpose Of Halving?

So, why do the halving process at all? Why cut down the rate of coin emission? Here are three reasons why protocols like Dash must go through the halving process.

  • Controlling the emission rate: Most coins with a halving process tend to have a fixed upper limit. For example, Dash has an upper limit of 18.92 million and Bitcoin 21 million. If the rate at which new coins enter circulation isn’t controlled, the miners could exhaust the entire coin supply before the Dash economy is self-sufficient.
  • Supply and demand: Since halving reduces the overall supply of coins entering circulation, it makes the underlying asset rarer, potentially increasing demand. As the supply-demand mechanic states, decreasing supply and rising demand could positively impact the price.
  • Predictability: The halving mechanism is a fixed, hardcoded event. We know how sure Dash’s halving will occur every 210,240 blocks like clockwork. A predictable event allows the protocol, miners, and masternodes to prepare beforehand. This is very different from traditional fiat currencies, where governments can adjust monetary supply at anytime.

How Dash halving affects block rewards allocation

The Dash ecosystem has several stakeholders, such as the users, developers, miners, and masternodes. So, how does halving affect these stakeholders? Before that, let’s understand how reward allocation works in Dash. The block reward is split like this:

  • 10% for governance system: The community can use this to fund proposals to strengthen the Dash ecosystem.
  • 90% is split between the miners and masternodes: Initially, the rewards given to miners and masternodes were split 50-50 between them. However, at block 1374912, Dash enacted a new reallocation system. As per this system, the reward allocation is gradually changing to 60-40, favoring the masternodes.

Both miners and masternodes are impacted by halving. Miners are the backbone of any proof-of-work (PoW) protocol. They buy hardware and other resources to mine blocks and incur substantial electricity bills. With reduced block rewards, miners earn less DASH for the same work. Dash masternodes are comparatively more insulated from the effects of halving. They are not running expensive hardware and, as such, don’t need to pay hefty mining-related bills.

So, how can miners plan ahead for halving? What are the steps they can take to make the best decision? Here are some considerations:

  • Firstly, the halving effect in Dash isn’t as drastic as Bitcoin’s. Instead of listing 50% of their rewards in one go, Dash miners get a 1/14th reduction every year. As such, they aren’t losing a large chunk of their income in one go.
  • While the halving isn’t immediate, the gradual reduction also gives Dash deflationary tokenomics. Deflationary events usually have a positive net effect on the coin’s price. This can incentivize miners to hold on to their tokens instead of immediately selling them.

In Closing

Dash’s innovative approach to block reward reduction ensures smoother transitions and predictable returns for all stakeholders involved in the ecosystem, especially the miners and masternodes. This approach demonstrates Dash’s commitment to creating a sustainable and balanced network that prizes long-term growth.

The role of masternodes is crucial in this equation. When it comes to Dash, our masternodes are invaluable contributors to the strength, security, and prosperity of the network. Are you interested in setting up a masternode and participating in the ecosystem? As a masternode, you will be participating in decentralized governance, earning steady rewards, and contributing to the crypto revolution. 

So, why wait? Get started on your journey today. You can learn more about the role masternodes play in Dash here and learn how to set up one here. Do remember that you will need to lock at least 1000 DASH to operate a masternode (4000 DASH for an evonode). If the capital requirement is a bit much, then don’t fret. You can always join a masternode pool via CrowdNode. Being a fractional owner of a masternode gives you rewards proportional to your investment.

Come and join the Dash ecosystem!

About the author

Marina Siradegyan

Communications and marketing at DCG. Huge fan of Dash. And cats.